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Direct and Indirect Speech

Rules for Changing the Narration (Direct & Indirect Speech) with Examples

  Narration – Direct and Indirect Speech 

 Definition:

 “Reporting the words of the speaker either by quoting his exact words or without quoting the speaker’s actual words is defined as Narration.”

Explanation:

We need to narrate words of others in two distinguished ways:

  1. Either we repeat his actual words without amending them.
  2. Or we convey the same meanings using our own words.

The former way of communication is called DIRECT SPEECH or QUOTED SPEECH. In case of direct speech, inverted commas are used to mark off the actual words of the speaker.

Fahad said, “I did my work with full responsibility”.

A. Fahad said he had done his work with full responsibility.
B. Fahad asked if he had done his work with full responsibility.
C. Fahad said that he was doing his work with full responsibility.
D. Fahad said that he had done his work with full responsibility.

Show Answer
D. Fahad said that he had done his work with full responsibility.

Bilal said, “Hurrah! I have won the match”!

A. Bilal exclaimed with joy, he had won the match.
B. Bilal exclaimed with joy that he has won the match.
C. Bilal said with joy that he had won the match.
D. Bilal exclaimed with joy that he had won the match.

Show Answer
D. Bilal exclaimed with joy that he had won the match.

Fayyaz said, “Alas! How careless I have been”!

A. Fayyaz exclaimed with sorrow that he had been very careless.
B. Fayyaz said with sorrow that he had been very careless.
C. Fayyaz exclaimed with sorrow that he is very careless.
D. Fayyaz exclaimed with sorrow as he had been very careless.

Show Answer
A. Fayyaz exclaimed with sorrow that he had been very careless.

He said, “I shall go daily to school”.

A. He said he would go daily to school.
B. He said that he would go daily to school.
C. He asked that he would go daily to school.
D. He said that he will go daily to school.

Show Answer
B. He said that he would go daily to school.

Dawood said to him, “Good morning, how do you do”.

A. Dawood told him good morning and asked him how he did.
B. Dawood said to him good morning and asked him how he did.
C. Dawood wished him good morning and asked him how he did.
D. Dawood said to him that good morning, how he did.

Show Answer
C. Dawood wished him good morning and asked him how he did.

The policeman said to the perpetrator, “hold your tongue”.

A. The policeman asked the perpetrator to hold his tongue.
B. The policeman ordered the perpetrator to hold his tongue.
C. The policeman told the perpetrator, hold his tongue.
D. The policeman told the perpetrator, hold your tongue.

Show Answer
B. The policeman ordered the perpetrator to hold his tongue.
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